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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 153-154

Poly-resistant Tuberculosis in an HIV-infected Child

Pediatric HIV and TB Clinic, B. J. Wadia Children's Hospital, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
Ira Shah
1/B Saguna, 271/B St Francis Road, Vile Parle (W), Mumbai - 400056
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2249-4863.104989

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Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) has been reported in India, but has been rarely documented in children. HIV co-infection has led to resurgence of tuberculosis (TB), making treatment even more difficult due to complex drug interactions. Poly-resistant TB is rare in children, especially in HIV-infected children. We report an HIV-infected child who developed poly-resistant TB (resistance to Streptomycin and Isoniazid) after 3 years of completion of anti-tuberculosis treatment (ATT). His mother had also received ATT 3 years back. We conclude that DR-TB in HIV-infected children should be considered if the child had been treated with ATT in the past or there is contact with adults on second-line ATT therapy.

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