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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 48-53

Anemia among hospitalized children at a multispecialty hospital, Bangalore (Karnataka), India


1 Department of Pathology, Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar Medical College, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore, India
2 Department of Physiology, Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar Medical College, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore, India
3 Department of Yoga and Nutrition, Healing Touch Yoga Centre and Nagal Diagnostics, Ayurveda Yoga and Naturopathy Unani Siddha and Homoeopathy, Bangalore, India
4 Department of Pathology, Jagadguru Sri Shivarathreeshwara Medical College, Jan Shikshan Sansthan University, Mysore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Siddaraju Poornima
Department of Physiology, Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar Medical College, KG Halli, Bangalore - 560 045, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2249-4863.130275

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Background: Due to the limited availability of data related to anemia in hospitalized children, this research was conducted to study the occurrence, morphological patterns, distribution in different age groups, sex, and severity of anemia among children aged 6 months-12 years. Setting: Inpatients in department of pediatrics at a multispecialty hospital, Bangalore. Study Design: Descriptive cross sectional study from Oct, 2011 to Sep, 2012. Materials and Methods: Ethical clearance was obtained from the ethical committee of the hospital as per 1964 Declaration of Helsinki. Unrestricted random sampling method was used to select the study group consisting of 882 children between the age of 6 months and 12 years. After obtaining the consent, data were obtained and statistically analyzed using statistical tools like mean, median, standard deviation, and Chi-square test. Results: Out of 882 children selected, 642 (72.79%) were anemic, out of which a majority of 629 (98%) children suffered from nonhemoglobinopathies and a meagre 13 (2%) suffered from hemoglobinopathies. Children in the age group of 6 months-1 year were most affected with nonhemoglobinopathies (33%). Moderate degree of anemia (hemoglobin = 7-9.9 g/dL) was the commonest grade of anemia (80%), while microcytic hypochromic anemia was commonest morphological type of anemia (48%). Among hemoglobinopathies, thalassemia major was the most common (69%, that is 9 out of 13 patients). Conclusion: The occurrence of anemia among children aged between 6 months and 12 years is high and nonhemoglobinopathies predominate over the hemoglobinopathies.


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