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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 26-29

Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction: An overlooked cause of foot deformity


Mona Vale Hospital, 1 Coronation Drive, Mona Vale NSW, Australia

Correspondence Address:
David Carmody
Mona Vale Hospital, 1 Coronation Drive, Mona Vale NSW
Australia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2249-4863.152245

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Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction is the most common cause of adult acquired flatfoot. Degenerative changes in this tendon, lead to pain and weakness and if not identified and treated will progress to deformity of the foot and degenerative changes in the surrounding joints. Patients will complain of medial foot pain, weakness, and a slowly progressive foot deformity. A "too many toes" sign may be present and patients will be unable to perform a single heal raise test. Investigations such X-ray, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging will help stage the disease and decide on management. The optimal manage may change based on the progression of deformity and stage of disease. Early identification and prompt initiation of treatment can halt progression of the disease. The purpose of this article is to examine the causes, signs, symptoms, examinations, investigations and treatment options for posterior tibial tendon dysfunction.


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