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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 399-404

Prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes and assessments of their risk factors in urban slums of Bangalore


1 Department of Family Medicine, Consultant Family Physician, St Philomena Hospital; Projects Management Unit, Art of living Foundation, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Community Health, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Projects Management Unit, Art of living Foundation, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
4 Global Health (Asia Pacific) - Becton, Dickinson and Company, Gurgaon, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hemavathi Dasappa
#171, MCC apartment, 5th cross, 2nd stage, Gruhalaxmi layout, Kamala nagar, Bengaluru - 79, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: Financial support: Becton, Dickinson and Company, Technical support: St John Medical College., Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2249-4863.161336

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Background: To determine the prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes and to assess the risk factors associated with diabetes and pre-diabetes in the urban slums of Bangalore. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in four slums of Bangalore in the age group of 35 years and above comprising of total 2013 subjects. Risk factors like age, sex, family history, behavior, physical activity, BMI, waist hip ration, diet habits were assessed to find their association with diabetes. Results: Prevalence of diabetes was 12.33% and of pre-diabetes was 11.57%. Prevalence was more among the females compared to males. Increasing age, over weight and obesity, sedentary life style, tobacco consumption, diet habits showed statistically significant association with prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes. Conclusion: Physical activity like regular exercises both at the office and at home, fibers-rich diet, blood sugar estimation after 35 years are some of the recommendations which can control diabetes.


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