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CASE REPORT
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 598-600

An undiagnosed cause of chronic cough


1 Department of Family Medicine, Kerala Institute of Medical Sciences, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
2 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Kerala Institute of Medical Sciences, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
3 Department of Internal Medicine, Kerala Institute of Medical Sciences, Trivandrum, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Ketan Malvi
Department of Family Medicine, Kerala Institute of Medical Sciences, Trivandrum - 695 029, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2249-4863.174303

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Tracheomalacia (TM) refers to loss of tracheal rigidity and resulting susceptibility to collapse. It is usually an incidental finding during investigations of other illness. The main symptoms are dyspnoea, cough, sputum production and hemoptysis. Most cases are considered as respiratory infection and are treated symptomatically. Acquired TM results from damage to trachea due to various conditions such as inflammation, chronic pressure, or medical/surgical procedures. The diagnosis is done by end-expiratory dynamic tracheal imaging, which demonstrates typical crescentric narrowing of trachea and reduced antero-posterior diameter <50% of normal. Management include conservative measures like cough suppressants or surgical measures like tracheoplasty, stenting or surgical repair. We are reporting a case of chronic cough, which was subsequently diagnosed as TM.


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