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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1243-1247

Clinico-radiological characteristics and not laboratory markers are useful in diagnosing diabetic myonecrosis in Asian Indian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A 10-year experience from South India


1 Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Radiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Riddhi Das Gupta
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 004, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_4_18

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Introduction: Diabetic myonecrosis or muscle infarction is an unusual complication of Type 2 Diabetes, usually associated with longstanding disease. It commonly presents as an acute non-traumatic palpable swelling of the affected muscle with predilection for the quadriceps and thigh muscles, often accompanied by retinopathy and nephropathy. Methodology: A retrospective review of the medical records of patients admitted with diabetic myonecrosis under the Department of Endocrinology, Christian Medical College Vellore over a period of ten years(2006-2015) was done. Data pertaining to clinical, biochemical and radiological characteristics were obtained and treatment modalities and outcomes were recorded. Results and Analysis: A total of n = 4 patients with diabetic myonecrosis and completed clinical data were included in the study. In our present series, the mean age at presentation was 45.5 years (±7.3 years), the mean duration of the diabetes was 9.0 years (±2.5 years)with an equal distribution of male and female subjects. The mean HbA1c (9.5 ± 0.6%) was suggestive of poor glycemic control at presentation with all (100%) the patients in our series having concomitant one or more microvascular complications. While laboratory parameters of elevated CPK or LDH were mostly normal, the findings of T1 hyperintense and T2 hypointense heterogenous lower limb lesions were present in all the subjects (n = 4). Conservative management with bed rest, analgesics and good glycemic control were effective in good clinical improvement over a period of 1-2 months. Conclusions: Our series of diabetic myonecrosis in Indian patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus, elucidates the varied clinical presentations, with MRI findings rather than laboratory markers being the mainstay of diagnosis.


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