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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1395-1400

Intestinal parasitic infestations and anemia among urban female school children in Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu


Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chrompet, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S Gopalakrishnan
Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chrompet, Chennai - 600 044, Tami Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_89_18

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Introduction: In India, intestinal parasitic infection and anemia remain the most important cause of morbidity especially among the adolescent school children due to lack of awareness of personal hygiene practices, leading to intestinal parasite infections which could in turn lead to anemia. Aim: This study was conducted with the aim to find out the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection and anemia among adolescent female school children in an urban area of Tamil Nadu. Materials and Method: This descriptive cross-sectional study was done among adolescent female school children in Anakaputhur area of Kancheepuram district. Three schools were selected randomly from a total of eight schools in the study area. Universal sampling was applied in each school, and a total of 250 willing children participated in the study. Early morning stool specimen was collected for microscopic examination and hemoglobin estimation was done. A pretested structured questionnaire was used to collect relevant data which were analyzed using SPSS version 22. Results: The prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection was found to be 36% with Entamoeba histolytica being the commonly isolated organism (23.2%) followed by Giardia intestinalis (5.2%), Hookworm (4.4%), and Ascaris lumbricoides (3.2%). The prevalence of anemia among them was found to be 84.8% with mild, moderate, and severe anemia being 12.8%, 46.8%, and 25.2%, respectively. Statistically significant association was found between intestinal parasitic infection and open field defecation, inadequate hand washing practices, and anemia. Conclusion: The study reveals high prevalence of anemia and intestinal parasitic infection among female school children. Preventive measures such as periodic deworming and health education about nutritional balanced diet, iron supplements, and personal hygiene practices have to be given to both the parents and their children to prevent and reduce disease burden.


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