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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1542-1547

Outcome of the vaginal birth after cesarean section during the second birth order in West Kazakhstan


1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Marat Ospanov, West Kazakhstan State Medical University (WKSMU), Aktobe, Kazakhstan
2 Department of Obstetrics Gynecology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt; Department of Obstetrics Gynecology, Ahmadi Hospital, Kuwait Oil Company, Kuwait
3 Department of Obstetrics Gynecology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
4 Department of Normal and Topographical Anatomy, Marat Ospanov, West Kazakhstan State Medical University (WKSMU), Aktobe, Kazakhstan

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Ibrahim A Abdelazim
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt and Ahmadi Hospital, KOC

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_293_18

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Background: Vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC) increases the chance of subsequent vaginal deliveries and reduces the repeat cesarean section (CS) rate with subsequent postoperative morbidity. Objectives: To detect the outcome of VBAC during the second birth order in Aktobe region of West Kazakhstan. Patients and Methods: A total of 832 women eligible for trial of VBAC were included in this study. Women who signed the consent of VBAC were evaluated thoroughly and data such as maternal age, body mass index, height, gestational age at admission, indication of the previous CS, estimated fetal weight, engagement of the fetal head, condition of the membranes, and cervical dilatation were collected. Data collected after delivery include duration from active phase of labor, mode of delivery, fetal, and neonatal outcomes. The collected data analyzed to detect the outcome of trial of VBAC during the second birth order in Aktobe region of West Kazakhstan. Results: Logistic analysis and odds ratio (OR) showed that body mass index (BMI) ≤25 kg/m2 (OR 1.7; P = 0.0004), height ≥150 cm (OR 1.7; P = 0.002), gestational age ≤40 weeks (OR 2.3; P = 0.0001), and inter-delivery interval ≥2 years (OR 1.6; P = 0.008) were significantly associated with successful VBAC. In addition, <2/5 of the fetal head palpable abdominally, station <−2 (OR 1.7; P = 0.0009), cervical dilatation ≥4 cm (OR 1.7; P = 0.003), and duration of active phase of labor ≤7 h (OR 1.6; P = 0.01) were significantly associated with successful VBAC. Conclusion: VBAC is safe in properly selected cases. BMI ≤25 kg/m2, gestational age ≤40 weeks, inter-delivery interval ≥2 years, and fetal head <−2 station increase the success of VBAC. Prolonged active phase of labor >7 h and the need for labor augmentation decrease the chance of VBAC success.


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