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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 3303-3312

Prevalence of type 2 diabetes and their complications among home health care patients at Al-Kharj military industries corporation hospital


1 Home Care Center at Family and Community Medicine Department, Al Kharj Military Industries Corporation Hospital, Saudi Arabia
2 Professor and Consultant of Family Medicine, Family and Community Medicine Department, Al-Kharj Military Industries Corporation Hospital, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammed Albarakat
Family Resident, PSMMC, Home Care Center at Family and Community Medicine Department, Al-Kharj Military Industries Corporation Hospital, Alkharj
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_634_19

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Introduction: The diabetes mellitus type 2 is a result of hyperglycemia due to insulin resistance caused by insufficient secretion of insulin from the beta cells of pancreas. The detection and controlling of diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMT2) at primary health-care centers in Saudi Arabia is well justified and widely practiced. The knowledge and awareness of DMT2 patients should be increased through the determination of its prevalence which may decrease the rates of comorbidities. Methods: A questionnaire of 159 patients registered at Home Care Center at Family and Community Medicine Department, Al-Kharj Military Industries Corporation Hospital, Saudi Arabia was used. Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) percentage and blood pressure were measured for all participants. Statistical analysis was performed for all data. Results: A total of 36.5% of cases were males and 63.5% were females with a mean age of 77.6 years. 94.3% of participants had DMT2 where 3.8% had type 1. 74.2% of cases experienced only one to two complications other than diabetes where 20.8% had more than three diseases. 47.2% of cases had HbA1C% <7.5% where 29 cases had HbA1C% ranged from 7.5% to 8% and about 32.8% of patients had poor glycemic control with HbA1C >8%. 81.1% of cases had hypertension, while 25.8% suffered from Stroke complication, 8.8% of patients had a congestive cardiac failure, 7.5% had ischemic heart disease, and 6.3% suffered from chronic kidney disease. The treatment goals, HbA1C 7.5--8%, have been achieved for about 64% of DMT2 patients where 51 patients still had uncontrolled DMT2 with HbA1C >8%. Conclusion: Despite the majority of cases had good glycemic control, more attention should be paid to those over 65 years as they commonly had more morbidities that definitely affect their treatment regimes. Patients should be involved in different home health care programs to increase their awareness and knowledge of the possible risk factors and diabetes comorbidities.


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