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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 3574-3577

Evaluation of lifestyle and endometriosis in infertile women referring to the selected hospital of Tehran University Medical Sciences


Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammad I Vaghar
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_496_19

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Background and Aim: Endometriosis is a chronic and common disease in the world in which living endometrium stroma and glands are found outside the uterus. The presence of this tissue in different parts of the body causes various symptoms that have an adverse effect on women's quality of life, fertility rate, and productivity. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between lifestyle and endometriosis in infertile women referred to the selected hospital of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Materials and Methods: The nature of this study is descriptive-comparative. The convenient sampling method is used among all infertile women undergoing laparoscopy, in group 1 (with endometriosis diagnosis) and group 2 (without endometriosis). The sample size is estimated to be 125 in each group according to the Cochran formula and with the alpha coefficient of 0.05. Data analysis was done using SPSS software version 20. Results: There was a direct and significant relationship between the probability of developing endometriosis and age, education level, and regularity of menstruation variables so that with the increase in each of the above variables, the probability of the disease increases. There was a significant and inverse association between the incidence of endometriosis and the body mass index (BMI) variable, which means that with the increase in this variable, the risk of endometriosis in individuals is reduced. Conclusion: This study suggests that high age, low BMI, menstrual cycle regularity, and education have a strong relationship with endometriosis in infertile women, and there was no relationship between lifestyle and the incidence of endometriosis among them.


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