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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 3653-3656

Are the medical interns ready to deal with the treatment, prevention and control of Nipah virus infection at the tertiary care hospital?


1 Department of Community Medicine, Yenepoya Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of INCLEN Trust International, INCLEN Trust International, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abhay Subhashrao Nirgude
308 A, Maurishka Palace, Kadri Kambla Road, Mangaluru - 575 003, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_524_19

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Context: Nipah virus infection is an emerging life threatening zoonotic disease. Health care workers are at the highest risk of getting the infection. Objectives: To assess the level of knowledge and attitude regarding Nipah virus infection among medical interns of a tertiary care hospital, Mangaluru and also to assess the readiness of medical interns dealing with cases of Nipah virus infection. Setting and Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 94 medical interns of a teaching hospital in Mangaluru. Methods and Material: Questionnaire comprising of 33 questions was used to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice behaviors of the medical interns. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive statistics as mean and standard deviation and Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: The mean knowledge, attitude and practice scores were 10.28 (± 2.31), 8 (± 2.9) and 15.85 (± 3.7). Three (3.2%) of the medical interns correctly knew the best modality of diagnosis of Nipah. All the interns correctly answered the samples to be collected for diagnosis and 72 (76.6%) correctly answered the lab where samples have to be sent. Majority i.e. 64 (68.1%) of the medical interns correctly enumerated the preventive measures to be employed. Eighty four (89.4%) of them were aware about the availability of vaccine. The correlation between the adequate facilities available with practice domain and training provided with practice domain were found to be statistically significant. Conclusion: In this study, the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding Nipah virus infection were found to be inadequate. There is an urgent need to address these gaps.


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