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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 3783-3788

The role of bisphosphonates in orthodontic tooth movement—A review

Department of Preventive Dental Science, Orthodontic Division, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, KSA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nancy Ajwa
Department of Preventive Dental Science, Orthodontic Division, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_825_19

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The present study has reviewed and put insights on the reports and recent literatures confined to the effects of bisphosphonate (BP) medication on orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). Pharmacological anchorage control plays a vital role in orthodontic treatment planning to the required patients. BPs inhibit bone resorption by involving increased activity of mineral adsorption on the bone surfaces where BPs tend to target osteoclasts. The present study reviewed on the latest report and examined cases relating to the impact of BPs in OTM. Clinical implication, chemical formulation, and mode of action of BPs have been discussed. This reviewspecifically focused on various kinds of BPs used in medication for bone adsorption in OTM therapy. Furthermore, it tries to explore the rare adverse and side effects of BPs observed based on the literatures. A systematic literature search was attempted in the Medline database (PubMed) using appropriate keywords, such as orthodontic tooth movement, bisphosphonates, and manual hand look was more overdone. On the basis of reports examined, BP treatments in OTM have posed an increased trend toward the benefit and interfere with osteoclastic resorption. In many cases, they may be advantageous for mooring strategies and encourage long-term planned randomized controlled trials to evaluate conceivable benefits and antagonistic impacts of BP treatments for OTM, before initiating remedial use.

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