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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 3826-3831

Prevalence and associated factors of neck, shoulder, and low-back pains among medical students at Jazan University, Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study


1 Department of Anaesthesia, King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guard Hospital, Western Region, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Internal Medicine, King Fahad Central Hospital, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Aseer Central Hospital, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, King Fahad Central Hospital, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
5 Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohamed Salih Mahfouz
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University. Jazan
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_721_19

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Background: Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) in the neck, shoulder, and lower back is common widespread among medical students. The objective of this research is to estimate the prevalence of neck, shoulder, and low-back pains and to explore factors associated with MSP among medical students at Jizan University in southwest of Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional, self-administered questionnaire-based study was conducted among undergraduate medical students of Jazan University. A total of 440 students were selected by random sampling. Descriptive statistics, a Chi-squared test, and logistic regression were performed to examine the prevalence, associations, and predictors of MSP. Results: The overall prevalence of MSP was (53.5%; 95% CI: 49.2–58.4). Neck pain was reported by 197 (44.8%) in the week prior to the study and by 268 (60.9%) in the year prior to the survey. Regarding shoulder pain, it was reported by 231 (52.5%) in the week prior to the study and 175 (39.8%) in the year prior to the study. Regarding low-back pain, it was reported by 147 (33.4%) in the week prior to the study and 270 (61.4%) in the year prior to the study. Factors associated with the risk of MSP include history of trauma (OR = 2.70; 95% CI: 1.36–5.36 depressive symptoms (OR = 1.94; 95% CI: 1.03–3.66) and report of psychosomatic symptoms (OR = 2.98; 95% CI: 1.71–5.18). Conclusion: In conclusion, the proportion of medical students with MSP was very high. Factors associated with the increased risk of MSP include history of trauma, depressive, and psychosomatic symptoms. Intervention program may help improving the musculoskeletal health of the medical students and to hence their quality of life.


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