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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 120-124

Reciprocate and nonreciprocate spousal violence: A cross-sectional study in Haryana, India


1 Department of Community Medicine, MM Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India
3 VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anu A Bhardwaj
Department of Community Medicine, MM Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Mullana, Ambala, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_273_18

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Background: Prevention of intimate partner violence is an important public health goal owing to its negative psychological and physical health consequence. Objectives: Estimate the prevalence of reciprocate and nonreciprocate violence, severity of injuries, and related risk factors. Materials and Methods: The present study was a community-based cross-sectional study using multistage random sampling in which a total of 880 currently married women in the age group 15–49 years were interviewed using modified conflict tactics scale. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with both the types of domestic violence. Results: Total prevalence for spousal violence was 33.2% (283), out of which 14.84% (42) were reciprocally violent. Alcoholic husband [Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR): 3.262, P = 0.001], late year of marriage (>2 years) [AOR: 0.359, P = 0.001], low education of the participants [AOR: 1.443, P = 0.033], and low socioeconomic class [AOR: 0.562, P = 0.004] are the risk factors for nonreciprocate domestic violence. Alcoholic husband [AOR: 4.372, P = 0.001] and nuclear family [AOR: 3.115, P = 0.001] were found as significant risk factors for reciprocate domestic violence. Women indulging in reciprocate violence were associated with more severe injuries than nonreciprocate violence. Conclusion: This study depicts that every third female has experienced spousal violence and also highlights the existence of reciprocate violence in India. Alcoholism, low education of husbands, and living in nuclear family are the important determinants for reciprocate violence. Also, reciprocate violence is associated with severe injuries.


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