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 Table of Contents 
CASE REPORT
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 274-275  

Parotid gland swelling after upper gastrointestinal endoscopy


Department of Gastroenterology, Central Referral Hospital, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, 5th Mile, Tadong, Gangtok, Sikkim, India

Date of Web Publication31-Jan-2019

Correspondence Address:
Sangey C Lamtha
Department of Gastroenterology, Central Referral Hospital, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, 5th Mile, Tadong, Gangtok - 737 101, Sikkim
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_331_18

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  Abstract 


Upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy is a routine procedure done in field of gastroenterology. It is a safe procedure which can be done with or without sedation with rare post procedure complications. Our case illustrates that parotid gland swelling is a uncommon event post upper g.i endoscopy and it a benign event which resolves on its own.

Keywords: UGI, O.P.D, G.A


How to cite this article:
Lamtha SC, Rai U, Hassan PT. Parotid gland swelling after upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. J Family Med Prim Care 2019;8:274-5

How to cite this URL:
Lamtha SC, Rai U, Hassan PT. Parotid gland swelling after upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. J Family Med Prim Care [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Apr 18];8:274-5. Available from: http://www.jfmpc.com/text.asp?2019/8/1/274/251169




  Introduction Top


Routine upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGIE) is an outpatient department (OPD) procedure and mostly uneventful. Sometimes certain benign events occur even in routine endoscopy, and the awareness of such events is important to avoid panic.


  Case Report Top


We present a case of 42-year-old male patient who underwent UGIE for dyspepsia. The UGIE was normal, however, after endoscopy patient complains of swelling of his cheek and neck. On examination, there was swelling of right parotid gland, but there was no crepitus in the neck [Figure 1]. After 4 h the swelling subsided on its own.
Figure 1: Figure showing parotid gland swelling post-upper GI endoscopy

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  Discussion Top


The swelling of the salivary glands after general anesthesia, bronchoscopy, or UGIE is a rare event.[1],[2] Couper reported that manipulation of head during endoscopy may lead to obstruction of thoracic inlet venous drainage with subsequent congestion of parotid gland.[3] The usually involved glands are the parotid and the submaxillary glands. Although the etiology is unclear, several mechanisms have been proposed. These transitory swellings seem to be related to retention of secretions causing a blockage of the salivary ducts.[4],[5] Coughing and straining could produce slight swelling and may lead to venous congestion of the salivary glands.[6] Dehydration may result in thick secretions and predispose to salivary duct occlusion. Parasympathetic stimulation during esophageal intubation, resulting in parotid vasodilation, and enlargement, has also been implicated.[5]

Blackford (1944) and Bonchek felt that a reflex arc with afferent stimuli arising in the mouth or pharynx and an abnormally intense efferent response mediated through the facial or glossopharyngeal nerves led to vasodilatation and swelling of salivary glands.[7],[8]

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Sarr MG, Frey H. A unique case of benign postoperative parotid swelling. Johns Hopkins Med J 1980;146:11-5.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Katayama T, Katou F, Motegi K. Unilateral parotid swelling after generalanaesthesia. A case report. J Craniomaxillofac Surg 1990;18:229-32.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Couper JL. Benign transient swelling of parotid glands associated withanaesthesia. S Afr Med J 1973;47:316-8.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Bahadur S, Fayyaz M, Mehboob S. Salivary gland swellingdeveloping after endoscopy: “Anesthesia mumps”. Gastrointest Endosc 2006;63:345-7.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Jamwal V, Chandail VS. Transient swelling of parotid gland after upperGI endoscopy - “Anaesthesia mumps”: Time to stay cool. J Dig Endosc 2012;3:30-2.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Atlas M, Sabawala PH, Keats AS. Acute transient sialadenopathy during induction of anaesthesia. Anaesthesiology 1968;29:1050-2.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Blackford RW. Recurrent swelling of parotid and submaxillary glandfollowing bronchoscopy. Ann OtolRhinolLaryngol 1974;53:54-64.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Bonchek LI. Salivary gland enlargement during induction of anesthesia. JAMA 1969;209:1716-8.  Back to cited text no. 8
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1]



 

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  In this article
   Abstract
  Introduction
  Case Report
  Discussion
   References
   Article Figures

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