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CASE REPORT
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 280-284

Abdelazim and AbuFaza ELLP syndrome as a variant of HELLP syndrome: Case reports


1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ahmadi Hospital, Kuwait Oil Company, Ahmadi, Kuwait; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ahmadi Hospital, Kuwait Oil Company, Ahmadi, Kuwait

Correspondence Address:
Ibrahim A Abdelazim
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt and Ahmadi Kuwait Oil (KOC) Company Hospital, P.O. Box: 9758, Ahmadi - 61008

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_381_18

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Background: The hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome is a serious complication in pregnancy occurring in 0.5–0.9% of all pregnancies and in 10–20% of cases with severe pre-eclampsia. Previous studies described HELLP syndrome without hemolysis without any further details. Objectives: This report represents the criteria for the diagnosis of Abdelazim and AbuFaza elevated liver enzymes, low platelet count (ELLP) syndrome as a variant of HELLP syndrome. Case Reports: A 39-year-old woman, pregnant 32 weeks' gestation, previous five cesarean sections, admitted with severe pre-eclampsia (blood pressure 160/110 mmHg, proteinuria +3, 700 mg proteins/24 h urine, and protein/creatinine ratio ≥0.9 in spot urine sample). Laboratory investigation showed elevated liver enzymes, low platelet (PLT) count, and no evidence of hemolysis. A 31-year-old woman, pregnant 33+4 weeks' gestation, previous one cesarean section, admitted with severe pre-eclampsia (blood pressure 170/120 mmHg, proteinuria +2, 1200 mg proteins/24 h urine, and protein/creatinine ratio 1.1 in spot urine sample). Laboratory investigations showed elevated liver enzymes, low PLT count, and no evidence of hemolysis. Both patients delivered by cesarean section after stabilization of their blood pressure and dexamethasone for induction of fetal lung maturity and MgSO4 for prevention of eclampsia. Both patients had uneventful intraoperative and postoperative stay in the hospital. The liver enzymes and the PLT count were completely normal on the 5th postoperative day, and they were discharged from the hospital in good general condition. Conclusion: Abdelazim and AbuFaza ELLP syndrome is variant of HELLP syndrome without hemolysis in women with severe pre-eclampsia. Abdelazim and AbuFaza ELLP syndrome diagnostic criteria are as follows: (1) Elevated liver enzymes; (2) Low PLT count; and (3) Absence of hemolysis (normal total and unconjugated bilirubin, absence of schizocytes, and polychromatic red cells in peripheral blood smear, and normal reticulocyte count).


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