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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 1227-1231

An association of Helicobacter pylori infection with endoscopic and histological findings in the Nepalese population


1 Department of Internal Medicine, Interfaith Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA
2 Department of Gastroenterolgy, National Academy of Medical Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal
3 Department of Gastroenterology, Carilion Clinic, Roanoke, VA, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amrendra Kumar Mandal
Interfaith Medical Center, 1545 Atlantic Ave, Brooklyn, NY - 11213
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_82_19

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Background: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is one of the most common human infections worldwide particularly in the developing countries. We aimed to study an association of H. Pylori infection with endoscopic and histological findings in the Nepalese population. Materials and Methods: We conducted a study between Oct 2014 and Jan 2015 after meeting inclusion and exclusion criteria. Institutional Review Board approval was obtained from National Academy of Medical Sciences. Endoscopic findings and histopathological diagnosis were documented and data were analysed. Results: A total of 113 patients who had complete endoscopy were enrolled. The prevalence of H. pylori infections recorded was 27 (23.9%) patients. There were 17 (62%) male and 10 (37%) female infected with H. pylori (P = 0.33). All biopsied specimens were sent to pathology lab for examination. The most common endoscopic findings was erythematous antral gastritis (40.7%) followed by erosive gastritis 34 (30.1%), pangastritis 10 (8.8%), duodenal ulcer 13 (11.5%), gastric ulcer 9 (8%), erosive fundal gastritis 2 (1.8%), reflux esophagitis 10 (37%) (P < 0.04). Histology revealed that 23 (85.2%) patients had chronic active gastritis (CAG); (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Our study revealed that H. pylori infection is strongly associated with chronic active gastritis (CAG) and Reflux esophagitis in Nepalese adults.


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