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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 871-874

Examining oral hygiene status and care needs of deaf and blind 6–12 years old exceptional school children in Kermanshah in 2015


1 Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
3 Department of Radiology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nafiseh Nikkerdar
Department of Radiology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_225_17

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Introduction: Controlling and preventing oral diseases of patients with mental and physical disabilities had become one of the most important topics within the realm of dentistry researches. The main objective of this study was to examine oral hygiene and care needs of deaf and blind 6–12 years old exceptional school children in Kermanshah in 2015. Materials and Methods: Oral hygiene of 51 deaf and blind 6–12 years old exceptional school children in Kermanshah in 2015 was examined in this study; indicators which underwent assessment included DMFT/decay, missing, falling, teeth (dmft), Gingival Index (GI), Plaque Index (PI), brushing, and flossing; the amount of used Unmet Treatment Need (UTN) was measured using DMFT/dmft index, and collected data were analyzed using SPSS, version 18. Findings: The mean and standard deviation of GI and PI of the 51 deaf and blind students examined turned out to be 1.39 ± 0.30 and 0.86 ± 0.15, respectively; DMFT, dmft, and UTN of the blind students were 1.31 ± 1.20, 2.81 ± 2.81, and 0.76 ± 0.34, respectively; these values turned out to be 1.81 ± 2.16, 2.08 ± 3.48, and 0.85 ± 0.31, respectively, in case of deaf students. According to the results of this study, 18.7% of blind students and 27% of deaf students brushed their teeth once on a daily basis. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, the incidence and severity of dental caries, particularly in primary teeth, were high among these children (mean: 2.06) and a large number of their teeth needed treatment (UTN: 1.18). In comparison to their peers, these group of children had lower state of oral health; therefore, a systematic, long-term is definitely required for the improvement of oral hygiene of studied patients.


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