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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 960-965

Awareness and utilization of social welfare schemes by elderly persons residing in an urban resettlement colony of Delhi


1 Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anil Kumar Goswami
Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_28_19

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Background: Demographic transition increased the proportion of elderly in India. Elderly persons experience increased economic dependency for their day-to-day existence. The Government of India provides monetary benefit through social welfare schemes. Health outcomes of the elderly improve when they are economically independent. We aimed to assess the awareness and utilization of social welfare schemes among elderly persons in an urban resettlement colony of Delhi. Materials and Methods: This was a community-based cross-sectional study conducted from February to May 2018. Two specially recruited interviewers administered the self-developed semi-structured interview schedule. It consisted of sociodemographic data, awareness, and utilization of various schemes. Results: A total of 931 [416 (37.4%) males and 515 (55.3%) females] participants completed the interview. Of the total, 809 (86.9%) participants were aware of at least one social welfare scheme. Participants utilizing any of the social welfare schemes were 393 (42.2%). Females utilized the social welfare schemes almost twice as compared to males (AOR = 1.7, 95% CI: 1.1–2.6). Participants aged 75 years and above had four times higher utilization of social welfare schemes compared to 60–64 years age group (AOR = 3.9, 95% CI: 2.4–6.4). Conclusion: Although the awareness of social welfare schemes among elderly persons was good, their utilization has scope for significant improvement. Focus is needed on elderly males and among the younger elderly persons.


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