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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1308-1312

Oral tuberculosis - Current concepts

1 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George's Medical University (KGMU), Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Respiratory Medicine, King George's Medical University (KGMU), Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Family and Community Medicine, AIIMS, Patna, Bihar, India
4 Department of Cardiology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Surya Kant
Department of Respiratory Medicine, King George's Medical University (KGMU), Lucknow - 226 003, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_97_19

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Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease that can affect various parts of the body including the oral cavity. It primarily affects the lungs. TB bacilli can spread hematogenously to different parts of the body and this also involves maxilla or mandible. Although oral lesions are infrequent, they are crucial for the early diagnosis and interception of primary TB. Intercepting the disease early will limit the morbidity and mortality of the patients. It becomes the responsibility of the dentist to include TB in the differential diagnosis of suspicious oral lesions to prevent delay in the treatment of the disease. It would not be an exaggeration if the dental identification of the TB lesions has the potential of serving as a significant aid in the first line of control for this hazardous and often fatal disease. This article will also emphasize the advancing role of oral pathologists in making the final diagnosis of this dreaded disease.

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