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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1326-1329

A study on the change in HbA1c levels before and after non-surgical periodontal therapy in type-2 diabetes mellitus in generalized periodontitis


1 Department of Periodontology, World College of Medical Sciences and Research Hospital, Jhajjar, Haryana, India
2 Public Health Dentistry, KGF College of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
3 Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Sree Mookambika Institute of Dental Sciences, Kulasekharam, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Prosthodontics, Teerthankar Mahaveer Dental College and Research Center, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
5 Oral Medicine and Radiology, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Dental College and Hospital, Sangli, Maharashtra, India
6 Subdivisional Hospital, Bundu, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Yashika Jain
Department of Periodontology, World College of Medical Sciences and Research Hospital, Jhajjar, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_105_19

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Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate and investigate changes in HbA1c levels before and after non-surgical periodontal therapy in type-2 diabetes mellitus patients with generalized periodontitis. Materials and Methods: A statistically significant number of type-2 diabetes mellitus subjects diagnosed with chronic generalized periodontitis were included in the study. The selected subjects were randomly allocated to 2 groups. Group 1: Control group: Subjects who received only scaling and root planning. Group 2: Test group: Subjects received antibiotic coverage with non-surgical periodontal therapy (scaling and root planning). Clinical parameters included plaque index, gingival index, PRO MIG pocket depth, and clinical attachment level. In addition, the metabolic parameters were recorded at the same time intervals, which included fasting blood sugar, random blood sugar, and HbA1c levels. Statistical Analysis: ANOVA test was applied to the parameters. Results: HbA1c more significantly reduced by test group compared to the other group. Conclusion: there is definitely a positive effect of nonsurgical on HbA1c levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus. This point levels significantly reduced after conventional non-surgical periodontal therapy. Conclusion: There is definitely a positive effect of non-surgical periodontal therapy on HbA1c levels in type 2 diabetes patients with chronic periodontitis.


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