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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1941-1946

Factors influencing the choice of otolaryngology (ORL) head and neck surgery as a future specialty for Saudi medical students


Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hani Z Marzoukib
Associate Professor and Consultant, Head and Neck Oncology-Microvascular Reconstruction, Chairman of the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, King Abdulaziz University and University of Jeddah, Jeddah
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_414_19

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Aim: To find out the factors and causes that motivate medical students to choose ear, nose, and throat (ORL head and neck surgery) as a specialty in Saudi Arabian medical universities. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Kingdom of Saudi Arabia by distributing a self-administered questionnaire to 1,516 medical students across all medical universities. Chi-squared test and logistic regression analyses were used to examine the association between the participants' choices and factors motivating their choice of specialty. Results: ORL head and neck surgery was chosen as a future specialty by 27% of the participants. Of these, 52% chose lifestyle as the most influential factor determining their choice of specialty. Further analysis of participant preferences revealed that 87.6% listed flexibility within medicine as their main reason for choosing a specialty, followed by reasonable hours of practice in 86%, while 15.9% considered a strong mentor relationship to be important. Students from King Abdulaziz University more frequently chose ORL head and neck, along with those from the eastern kingdom compared with other areas. Student preference for ORL head and neck did not vary significantly with gender, age, or duration of clinical rounds. Conclusion: Approximately 27% of students chose ORL head and neck, with lifestyle being the most influential factor, followed by flexibility within medicine. Among students who chose ORL head and neck, the highest percentage was from King Abdulaziz University.


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