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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1994-1998

Knowledge, attitude, and practice of first aid among the commercial drivers in the Kumaon region of India


Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Haldwani, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hariom K Solanki
Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Haldwani - 263 139, Uttarakhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_295_19

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Background: First aid assistance is one of the important life-saving skills. According to World Health Organization, over 50 million people are injured or disabled and over 1.2 million people die following Road Traffic Accident (RTA) every year. Providing the basic care until emergency medical services arrive is the essence of first aid, which will prevent a number of RTA-related mortality and morbidity. Aim: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding first aid among the commercial vehicle drivers operating in and from Haldwani. Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among the commercial drivers operating in and from Haldwani Block of Uttarakhand, from November 2018 to January 2019. Participants were selected using consecutive sampling technique. The questionnaire used for data collection was semistructured and pretested. Results: All participants were male with the mean age (standard deviation) of 40.4 (8.7) years. Overall 96.4% and 81.7% had heard about first aid and the “Good Samaritan” law. Among participants, 96% knew that first aid should be provided immediately and 90.5% were willing to be trained in first aid. First aid kit was available in 84.9% of the vehicles. In total, 211 (91%) participants had attended RTA victim/s in the past, and 192 (91%) of them provided assistance to RTA victims. Conclusions: Although the study showed a positive attitude toward giving first aid to RTA victims, the knowledge and practice of first aid was not universal.


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