World Rural Health Conference
Home Print this page Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size
Users Online: 4883
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 2258-2263

Determinants of superficial surgical site infections in abdominal surgeries at a Rural Teaching Hospital in Central India: A prospective study


1 Department of General Surgery, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, Wardha, India
2 Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Tata Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Firoz Rajiv Borle
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Tata Memorial Hospital, 907 Golden Jubilee Building, Parel, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_419_19

Rights and Permissions

Introduction: Abdominal surgeries have high rate of surgical site infection (SSI), which leads to significant morbidity and financial burden. There is paucity of studies on SSI in rural Indian setup, where there is scarcity of adequate resources. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and determinants of SSI after abdominal surgeries in a rural setup. Aim: To determine the incidence of and associated risk factors for superficial SSIs in abdominal surgery cases at a central Indian rural teaching hospital. Methods: This cohort study included 100 patients undergoing abdominal surgery between April 2016 and May 2017 at a central Indian rural teaching hospital. The outcome of interest was superficial SSI and the factors associated with it. Association between risk factors and SSI was calculated using either Chi-square test or odds ratio with 95% CI. Results: The cumulative incidence rate of superficial SSI was 39% with 95% CI (29.4%–49.2%). The analysis defined 12 variables significantly associated with superficial SSI: middle or elderly age, male gender, diabetes mellitus, preoperative anemia, preoperative hypoalbuminemia, tobacco smoking, higher ASA score, perioperative blood transfusion, drain placement, surgery duration >2 h, contaminated/dirty wound class and emergency surgery. However, economic status and BMI grade of the study subjects were not associated with development of superficial SSI.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed293    
    Printed0    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded35    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal