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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 2318-2321

Evaluating the awareness of ordinary people about relief operations and cardiopulmonary resuscitation when facing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest


1 Atherosclerosis Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Nursing and Midwifery Sciences Development Research Center, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran
3 Department of Nursing, Shoushtar Faculty of Medical Sciences, Shoushtar, I.R. Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shahram Molavynejad
Atherosclerosis Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Golestan St, Ahvaz
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_408_19

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Introduction: The aim of this paper is to evaluate the awareness of ordinary people about relief operations and accurate cardiopulmonary resuscitation when facing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study including 500 ordinary people who were randomly selected over a 3-month period in Ahvaz County, Ahvaz, Iran, and then asked to perform resuscitation operation on medical moulages. Their performance was then evaluated using a 21-item checklist. Results: The awareness of participants about relief operations were only acceptable in 9 cases. Only 1 (0.2%) of them was able to detect a pulse and blood circulation as well as to relieve any airway obstruction. 7 (1.4%) were able to correctly find the position on the chest where external cardiac massage (ECM) should be performed. And only 1 could perform ECM at a rate of 100-120 compressions/min. Conclusion: Results obtained from the present study does not confirm the awareness of ordinary people when encountering OHCA. Hence, it is essential to hold related training courses at appropriate intervals to improve their skills and knowledge.


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