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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 2322-2327

Knowledge, attitude and practice of blood donation among health professions students in Saudi Arabia; A cross-sectional study


1 College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences; King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences; King Abdullah International Medical Research Center; Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Ministry of the National Guard – Health Affairs, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammed A Alsalmi
King Abdulaziz Medical City, Makkah - Jeddah Hwy, Jeddah 22384
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_415_19

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Introduction: World Health Organization advocates that 3-5% of the population should donate blood yearly. However, the donors in Saudi Arabia (SA) in 2011 represented 1.46% of the population. This study aimed to assess knowledge, attitude and practice concerning voluntary blood donation among health professions students in Saudi Arabia and to determine the associated factors. Methods: This is a cross sectional study on 598 students. Chi-square and Fisher tests were used to analyze the significant association of blood donation and influencing factors. Results: Majority of respondents (360; 60.2%) showed sufficient knowledge regrading blood donation. A total of 593 participants (99.2%) believed that blood donation is important for the community. Around 180 (30.1%) of the respondents have donated blood before. Out of the participants, 422 students (70.6%) reported that they did not take any courses concerning blood donation in their colleges. However, 502 (83.9%) showed a high willingness to donate blood if their colleges organize a blood donation camp within campus. There was a significant association between knowledge level, current academic level and gender with practice of blood donation. Conclusion: Saudi health professions colleges' role in promoting blood donation was notably missed. Students showed high willingness to donate blood if a blood camp was organized within the campus. The implementation of encouragement campaigns and educational sessions within the campus will have a great effect on blood donation.


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