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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 2685-2690

Intrapartum monitoring using partograph at secondary level public health facilities—A cross-sectional study in Odisha, India

1 ICMR-Regional Medical Research Center, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 ICMR-NICPR, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Subrata Kumar Palo
ICMR-Regional Medical Research Center, Nalco Square, Bhubaneswar, Odisha - 751 023
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_472_19

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Context: Partograph is a simple, effective and low-cost intrapartum monitoring tool that helps in early identification of complications if any and helps in prompt intervention to save the life of the mother and the newborn. There is limited study about its usage and challenges in plotting from India particularly Odisha. Aim: To determine the usage of partograph and explore the issues/challenges in its plotting at various levels of health facilities Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was carried out from April to June 2018 in ten different public health facilities from two tribal districts of Odisha, India. Materials and Methods: Quantitative information from 1552 mothers using pre-tested epi-info questionnaire tool and qualitative information through 22 in-depth interviews among health care providers. Statistical Analysis Used: Quantitative data using Ms Excel 10 and IBM SPSS ver. 22 and qualitative data using the inductive content analysis method. Results: Partograph plotting was found in 48.7% (adherence) while its completeness was only 1.03%. Partograph plotting was significantly better at CHCs compared to DHH and SDH (P = 0.000). No significant association of partograph adherence was observed with the birth outcome, complications, referral status and type of delivery. Though majority health care providers knew the importance of the partograph, hardly they use it. The main reasons were increased workload, shortage of staff, cases arriving at a later stage and lack of monitoring from a higher level. Conclusions: On job training on partograph, regular monitoring and strict policy will improve the adherence and completeness in partograph plotting.

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