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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 2859-2863

Causes, comorbidities and current status of chronic kidney disease: A community perspective from North Kerala


1 Department of Community Medicine, Govt Medical College, Manjeri, Kerala, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Govt Medical College, Thrissur, Kerala, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, ESIC Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sabitha Rose Jacob
Department of Community Medicine, Govt Medical College Manjeri, Vellarangal PO, 676 121, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_478_19

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Context: Chronic kidney disease is an upcoming public health problem characterized by premature mortality and expensive treatment in low resource settings where diabetes is highly prevalent. Aim: To find out the causes and comorbidities and to explore the community support systems for treatments availed. Settings and Design: Community based cross sectional design. Materials and Methods: Interview of known chronic kidney disease patients above 18 years registered under palliative clinics. Statistical Analysis Used: Mean, SD, proportions, and 95% Confidence interval, chi square test at significance level P = 0.05. Results: Majority of patients were males, below 60 years. Mean duration was 5.26 years and mean age at onset was 48.6 years and 62% were in advanced stages of disease. The commonest cause was diabetic nephropathy (44.6%) followed by hypertensive nephropathy (33.3%).The comorbidities included hypertension (61.4%), diabetes (47.3%), cardiovascular disease (30.6%), Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (10%) malignancies (2.6%), and retinopathy (28%). Considering treatment status 60.6% were on dialysis 13.3% had undergone transplantation, mostly from private institutions with help of public donations and both at significant underutilization by women. Though 44.6% were protected by social security schemes, the median monthly cost of disease management amounted to Rs. 10,500 which was unaffordable for the majority who were below the poverty line. Conclusions: There is an impending need for strengthening management, high-risk screening among diabetic and hypertensive patients and provision for specialist care to delay the onset of end-stage renal disease. The social security support system should be improvised for our setting to facilitate dialysis and transplantation to minimize out of the pocket expenditure.


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