Is it necessary to screen patient with adhesive capsulitis of shoulder for diabetes mellitus?
SK Rai1, Manoj Kashid2, Barun Chakrabarty3, Vimal Upreti4, Omna Shaki5
1 Department of Orthopaedics, 151 Base Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India
2 Department of Orthopaedics, SMBT Medical Colleges, Igatpuri, Nasik, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Pathology, 151 Base Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India
4 Department of Medicine, 151 Base Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India
5 Department of Trauma & Emergency, 151 Base Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India
Dr. Manoj Kashid
Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, SMBT Medical Collages, Igatpuri, Nasik - 422 403, Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Background: Idiopathic adhesive capsulitis of shoulder is common cause of pain and restriction of shoulder motion between the ages of 30 and 65. The prevalence of adhesive capsulitis is as high as 10% to 22% in diabetes mellitus as compared normal population which is 02% and 04%. Therefore, the doubt arises whether patients developed adhesive capsulitis are at greater risk to develop diabetes mellitus and should be screen for diabetes so that it can be detected early. Purpose: To compare the prevalence of prediabeties and diabetes mellitus among patients with features of idiopathic adhesive capsulitis of shoulder who are otherwise healthy. Methods: Patients between 30-65 years of age who attended Orthopaedics OPD with features of idiopathic adhesive capsulitis of shoulder were included. Participated underwent a 2 hour long oral glucose tolerance test and based on fasting and 2-hour plasma glucose levels, patients were diagnosed as normal glucose tolerance, prediabetic, or diabetic and the results were matched with previous published data. Results: 135 patients as participated and completed the test. 21 (15.5%) patients with idiopathic adhesive capsulitis of shoulder were found to be prediabetic, and 37 (27.4%) patients were found to be diabetic. However, 31 patients had family history of diabetes. Conclusion: Based on our study, we can recommend that patients with features of idiopathic adhesive capsulitis of shoulder should be screened at least for fasting and post prandial blood sugar so that diabetes can be detected early.