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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 473-480

Antibiotic prescriptions in pediatric dentistry: A review

1 Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, School of Dental Sciences, Sharda University, Greater Noida, UP, India
2 Private Practitioner, Noida, UP, India
3 Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Kothiwal Dental College, Moradabad, UP, India
4 Department of Prosthodontics, Govt. College of Dentistry, Indore, MP, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Gaurav Kumar Goel
A-1, Sector-41, Noida - 201 301, UP
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1097_19

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Most commonly prescribed drugs in pediatric dentistry are “Antibiotics.” Among Dentists, there is a trend toward overuse of antibiotics for nonindicated clinical conditions. This insufficient knowledge of the appropriate clinical indications for antibiotic prescriptions promotes the overuse of antibiotics and contributes to the emergence of antibiotic resistance among children. According to the various surveys done on the dental students, dentists and pediatric dentists on the antibiotic prescribing practices, overall, adherence to the professional clinical guidelines was low. There was a wide variation in dosages for all the antibiotics prescribed and for prolonged periods which were inconsistent with the recommendations. This paper reviews the current literature from the year 2000 to 2019. An electronic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE/PubMed, EBSCO host, and Google Scholar databases. The data was also collected manually from comprehensive textbooks. Some recommendations were also based on the opinion of experienced researchers and clinicians. Thus, this review aims at highlighting clinical indications, dosages, and duration of therapeutic antibiotic prescriptions for orofacial infections in the pediatric outpatients and at the same time creating an awareness, regarding the necessity of strictly adhering to the clinical guidelines for antibiotic prescriptions.

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