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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 1348-1353

Effect of heat sterilization and chemical method of sterilization on the polyvinyl siloxane impression material. A comparative study

1 Reader, Department of Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridge, Rajasthan Dental College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Professor and Dean, Department of Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridge, Mahatma Gandhi Dental College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
3 Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dr. B.R Ambedkar Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India
4 Private Practitioner and Consultant Orthodontist, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
5 Reader, Department of Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridge, Hi-Tech Dental College and Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
6 Private Practitioner and Consultant Endodontist, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Swati Joshi Asopa
Department of Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridge, Rajasthan Dental College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1122_19

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Background: Dental impression is a crucial part of the process of constructing a well-fitting prosthesis. In the clinical scenario, impressions can act as a vehicle for the transfer of bacteria and fungi. Therefore, an attempt was made to evaluate the dimensional accuracy of the newly introduced polyvinyl siloxane (PVS) impression material upon autoclaving and comparing it to the traditional means of chemical disinfection. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional comparative in vitro study was conducted. Three groups were made for testing different sterilization methods. The sample size for the study was kept as 30 observations in each of the three groups. Test samples were prepared by making an impression of the die using the putty-wash technique. Statistical analysis was done by applying unpaired t-test, paired t-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and post hoc Tukey's honestly significant difference (HSD). Results: Initial mean of samples of group I were compared to A (actual measurement of metal ruled block = 24.960), a dimensional change of 1.6% was found. Similarly, in group II, a change of 1.59% was found and in group III the change was 1.7%. There was mean shrinkage of 24.557 mm in group I, 24.586 mm in group II, and 24.535 mm in group III and these changes were found statistically significant. Conclusion: Dimensional changes in the impression material after disinfection with 2% glutaraldehyde were considered high compared to autoclaving and, hence, it may not be advisable to disinfect this material with 2% glutaraldehyde.

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