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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 1354-1361

Cystic fibrosis knowledge and practice among primary care physicians in southwest region, Saudi Arabia


Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Guraiger, Abha 62529, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ali Alsuheel Asseri
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Guraiger, Abha 62529
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1168_19

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Introduction: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a multisystem autosomal recessive disease that affects 1 in 4,000 newborns in the United States and has high mortality and morbidity. In the Middle East, there is no exact estimation of CF prevalence and the survival rate is almost 50% of the reported survival in the developed countries. In this study, I aimed to determine the CF knowledge and practice (CF-KP) among primary care physicians (PCPs) and to propose effective educational programs to recognize children who suffer from CF early on and refer them to appropriate tertiary centers. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study among PCPs in the Aseer region. The principal investigator designed and formulated the used CF-KP questionnaire in this study. It was developed in the English language and distributed through Google and printed forms. Each question included right and wrong answers with the ability to choose more than one option. There were three categories for each question either answer completely, incompletely, or wrong answer. Results: Fifty-one PCPs were recruited and successfully completed the questionnaire. Around two-thirds of the responders were less than 40 years old while few were older than 50 years. The majority of the responding doctors were male 82.4% (42 out of 51) and have been practicing clinical medicine more than 5 years after graduation. The overall knowledge score percent was 56.7% with a mean of 20.4, maximum 31, and minimum 4, while the overall practice score percent was 68% with a mean of 3.4 and maximum and minimum scores were 5 and 1, respectively. Discussion: This study is the first study that assessed the CF-KP among PCPs in the Aseer region. The total score percent of knowledge and practice among the studied group were 56% and 68%, respectively. Around 20% of the responding physicians knew when to refer suspected cases of CF to a tertiary center for further diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. Most of the responders in this study did not know the long-term complications of CF and they did not think that it is a progressive disease and eventually cause death if untreated. Conclusion: This study highlighted the need for extensive educational programs for the PCPs in order to improve early recognition of CF and start the appropriate management. In the era of CF modulators and correctors, CF providers should maximize the other therapies to improve the outcomes and prevent long-term morbidities and mortalities.


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