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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 1567-1572

Prevalence of migraine and non-migraine headache and its relation with other diseases in the adults of Aseer Region, Saudi Arabia

1 College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
2 Neurology Section, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammed Abdullah AlQarni
King Khalid University, Abha
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_962_19

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Background and Aims: Headache is a common yet neglected health problem. There is a lack of information about its distribution, disease characteristics and associated co morbidities in Aseer region of KSA. This study aims to estimate the migraine and headache prevalence, its epidemiological and disease characteristics and relation with other co morbid conditions among general population of Aseer region, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey of 1123 adult participants during the period from Apr 2018 to Dec 2018. The questionnaire was sent to total of 1420 participants, but only 1123 agreed to participate and completed the questions (response rate 79.1%). Participants were recruited through an online survey from 4 main cities in Aseer region. Participants who refused were excluded. Adults were invited to answer a 25-question electronic survey to assess the prevalence of headache (migraine and non-migraine) and its relations with other diseases. Results: The participant's ages ranged from 17 to 60 years old, with mean age of 32.4 ± 10 years. No history of frequent headaches was reported by 152 (13.5%) while 833 (74.2%) had non-migraine headache (NMH) and 138 (12.3%) had migraine headache (MH). Female gender (2:1), poor sleep duration, cerebrovascular disease, dyslipidemia, chronic sinusitis and depression showed a significant association with migraine. Conclusions and Recommendations: The current research revealed a high prevalence of headache either migraine or non-migraine, twice as common in females and in those with insufficient sleeping hours. Most headache attacks were associated mainly with light in form of flashes, sensitivity or aggravated episodes.

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