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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 1614-1616

Gender and side distribution of urinary calculi using ultrasound imaging


1 Department of Diagnostic Radiology Technology, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Unit of Ultrasound Imaging, Department of Radiology, Amran Hospital, Amran, Republic of Yemen
3 Joint Program of Family Medicine Postgraduate Studies, Joint Program of Preventive Medicine Postgraduate Studies, Almadinah Almunawwarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sultan Abdulwadoud Alshoabi
Department of Diagnostic Radiology Technology, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Almadinah Almunawwarah
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1153_19

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Introduction: Urinary calculi constitute a significant medical problem worldwide. Due to lack of previous studies on gender and side distribution of urinary calculi, the current study was conducted. Patients and Methods: This retrospective study involved 590 urinary calculi from the electronic reports of 266 patients. Gender and side distribution were compared using Chi-square test. Relationship between gender and side of urinary calculi was analyzed using cross tabulation test. Results: This study involved 590 urinary calculi reported in 266 patients. Among 590 calculi; 565 (95.8%) were in adults, and 25 (4.2%) were in children. Urinary calculi were in male in 397 (67.3%) and in female in 193 (32.7%). Calculi were 304 (51.5%) in right side, and 286 (48.5%) in left side. Exactly 507 (85.9%) of calculi were in the kidneys, and 83 (14.1%) in the ureters. No significant relationship between gender and side of the calculi (P = 0.238), (Odds ratio 0.869, 95% Confidence interval 0.615-1.226). Conclusion: Urinary calculi affect male more than female and adults more than children. No significant relationship between calculi and right or left side of the body.


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