Home Print this page Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size
Users Online: 787
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 1695-1699

Esophageal carcinoma: An epidemiological analysis and study of the time trends over the last 20 years from a single center in India


Department of Gastroenterology, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Sion, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vikas Pandey
Department of Gastroenterology, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Sion, Mumbai, Maharashtra - 400 022
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1111_19

Rights and Permissions

Background and Aims: Esophageal carcinoma is a common gastrointestinal malignancy. There is a paucity of literature about the time trends from India. The aim of the study was to evaluate the time trends over 20 years and observe how they differ from the West. Material and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the data of 552 patients from the gastroenterology database (single department, single-center) over a period of 20 years from 1996 to 2015. The study period was split into two groups, namely, Group A (1996 to 2005) and Group B (2006 to 2015). Results: There were 263 patients in Group A and 289 patients in Group B. The mean age was 54.83 years (range 25–89 years). There were 345 males and 207 females, with the ratio being 1.67. The most common histological type was squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) with 443 patients (80.25%). The most common location was mid esophagus with 229 patients (41.48%) followed by 208 patients (37.68%) in the lower esophagus. There was no significant increase in the lower esophageal malignancy. However, there was a significant increase in the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) and adenocarcinoma (AC). There were no other time trend changes in gender, location, or histology. Conclusion: SCC is still far more common than AC in India. The mid esophagus is the most common site. There is no evidence of an increase in the lower esophageal malignancy in our study for over 20 years. However, the rates of GEJ-AC were found to be increasing.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed209    
    Printed0    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded37    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal