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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 1712-1718

Breast cancer knowledge and awareness among females in Al-Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia in 2018

1 General Surgery, 5th Year Medical Student, Al-Qassim University, Buraydah, Saudi Arabia
2 General Surgery Consultant, Chairman of OR/Anesthesia Department and Chief of Wound Care Unit, King Fahad Specialist Hospital (KFSH), Buraydah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sultan H AlSaigh
General Surgery Consultant, Chairman of OR/Anesthesia Department and Chief of Wound Care Unit, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Buraidah
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1065_19

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Aim: This study aimed to measure breast cancer (BC) awareness among women in Al-Qassim and to compare the results to previous studies in Saudi Arabia and international studies. Method: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in Al-Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. All women above 18 years of age were included and those who could not complete the questionnaire for any reason were excluded. The data were collected by using a valid pretested structured questionnaire taken from previous studies. Descriptive statistics were presented using frequency and proportion for all categorical variables and mean ± standard deviation for continuous variable. The relationship between dependent variable versus independent variables had been conducted using Chi-square test. P value of ≤0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Nearly all participants were highly aware of BC (95.4%) and half of them correctly identified that not only females are affected by BC. With regards to personal breast assessment, more than a half of them have done breast self-examination; however, only one out of four females had done clinical breast examination and mammography test. The most common risk factor of BC was family history and the commonest signs and symptoms were the size and shape changes of the breast. The prevalence of poor knowledge was 202 (38.9%) while good knowledge was 317 (61.1%). Age group in years and use of oral contraceptives were the independent significant factors of poor knowledge. Conclusion: The overall knowledge of women about BC in this study was inadequate. While half of the women performed breast self-examination on the contrary, the actual clinical breast examination found to be low. The most common risk factor being identified was family history of BC and smoking. Size and shape changes of breast as well as breast lump were the most common signs and symptoms. Age group in years and the use of contraceptives pills were being identified as the significant factors of knowledge toward BC.

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