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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 2650-2653

Obesity and periodontal disease: A review

1 Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia
2 Resident, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammad Shoyab Khan
Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Riyadh - 11942
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_283_20

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Periodontal diseases usually refer to inflammatory disorders that are caused by pathogenic bacteria in the subgingival biofilm in association with impaired host immune response and connective tissue breakdown. The bacterial challenge exacerbates the cytokine production by the gingival epithelium, resulting in an uncontrolled inflammation that leads to tooth loss in adults from different populations. The prevalence of these diseases increases with aging, longer retention of teeth, and increased incidence of obesity and diabetes among the population. The prevalence demonstrates an increasing trend and a correlation with numerous comorbidities. Hence, as a family physician one should have the in-depth knowledge regarding the relationship between obesity and periodontitis to create awareness among people to provide primary care. Thus, it is relevant to develop new methods capable of detecting these diseases in the early stages and following up on their progression.

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