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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 2659-2663

Gastric carcinoma: Insights into risk factors, methods of diagnosis, possible lines of management, and the role of primary care

1 Pharm D, College of Pharmacy, Taif University, Taif, KSA
2 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Taif University, Taif, KSA; Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ahmed M Kabel
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Taif University, Al.Haweiah, P.O. Box 888, Zip Code 21974

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_527_20

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Gastric carcinoma represents the second most common type of malignancy that contributes to cancer-related mortality worldwide. However, the geographic incidence of gastric carcinoma had changed over the last few decades, possibly due to increased hygiene, increased awareness of the importance of healthy nutrition, and increased rates of eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection. Gastric carcinoma consists of two pathological variants, intestinal and diffuse. Early cases of gastric carcinoma may be asymptomatic. However, advanced cases may present with significant weight loss, dysphagia, abdominal pain, vomiting, and even severe upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Patients at high risk of developing gastric carcinoma should be adequately screened at primary healthcare centers for early detection and effective management. Lines of treatment vary according to the stage of the disease but surgical resection of the tumor with regional lymphadenectomy remains the gold standard of therapy. This review sheds light on gastric carcinoma given the recent trends regarding its prevalence, risk factors, types, clinical picture, methods of diagnosis, possible lines of management, and the role of primary care.

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