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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 3005-3009

Comparison of prevalence of depression among medical, dental, and engineering students in Patna using Beck's Depression Inventory II: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Dentistry, Nalanda Medical College Hospital, Agamkuan Flyover, Sadikpur, Patna, Bihar, India
2 Department of Orthodontics, BIDSH, Patna, Bihar, India
3 Department of Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge, National Institute of Medical Sciences, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
4 Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Private Practitioner, Patna, Bihar, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Prakash Chandra Jha
Department of Dentistry, Nalanda Medical College Hospital, Agamkuan Flyover, Sadikpur, Patna, Bihar - 800007
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_294_20

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Background: Depression, a multi-dimensional disorder adversely affects the interpersonal, social and occupational spheres of students' life. It is the 11th leading cause of global disease burden. Aims and Objectives: To assess the prevalence of depressive symptoms among various professional course students including medical, dental, and engineering students in Patna, Bihar. Materials and Methods: The present investigation was a questionnaire-based cross-sectional descriptive study. A total of 3,100 students attending government and private medical, dental, and engineering colleges in Patna were approached during the course of this study. Students were briefed about the study and questionnaire. BDI-II (Beck's Depression Inventory-II) was administered to the students and they were instructed to fill it. Beck's scores were recorded and a descriptive analysis performed. Results: 2798 students out of 3,100 responded positively to the survey by completely filling out the form. The overall response rate was 90.25%. The overall prevalence of depressive symptoms was found to be 47.78%. Of the three streams, students belonging to the engineering stream (40.28%) showed a maximum prevalence of depressive symptoms followed by dental (38.50%) and medical students (34.74%). Conclusion: Our study showed an alarming prevalence of depression among professional course seeking students. This multi-dimensional disorder continues to affect student's performance and professionalism, thus, extending its negative impact to the community at large. This may carry out later in their lives, thus leaving a long-term negative impact. Considering the high rate of depressive symptoms, establishing a unit or facility to identify or diagnose it at an early stage and providing psychological support to students is recommended.

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