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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 3264-3271

Prevalence of hypertension and diabetes morbidity among adults in a few urban slums of Bangalore city, determinants of its risk factors and opportunities for control – A cross-sectional study


1 Preventive Oncology Unit, Healthcare Global Enterprises Ltd., Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vinod K Ramani
#109, 4th Cross, AGB Layout II, Mahalakshmipuram, Bengaluru - 560096, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_234_20

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Introduction: In World Health Organization's(WHO) South-East Asia region(SEAR), India accounts for >2/3rd of total deaths due to non-communicable diseases(NCD). Annually, NCDs account for ~60% of all deaths in India. Apart from the known risk factors, an individual's physical environment, behavioral and biological susceptibility are known to associated with NCDs. Social factors tend to create barriers for accessing healthcare among the poor people. Objectives: i)To screen and diagnose hypertension and diabetes among individuals aged >30 years, and its associated risk factors such as obesity and tobacco consumption. ii) To deliberate on the social determinants influencing this survey, and suggest suitable recommendations for the National Programme for prevention and control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular disease and Stroke (NPCDCS). Methods: As a component of NPCDCS, the present survey was conducted in a few urban slums of Bangalore city during 2010. The collaborators for the conduct of this survey include the Ministry of health and family welfare, Director of health and family welfare services and Medical colleges in Bangalore city. Results: In our study, we found a prevalence proportion of 21.5% for hypertension, 13.8% for diabetes and 30.4% were co-morbid with both the diseases. Consumption of tobacco(any form) was present in 5.1% of the study subjects, overweight among 32.4% and obesity among 20.0%. The study population comprises 18.96% of the source, and the main reason for inadequate utilization was lack of Programmatic awareness. Conclusion: NPCDCS program needs to conceptualize the relevant social factors which determine access to screening and diagnostic healthcare services, including behavior change initiatives. For Program effectiveness, changes at the level of healthcare system need to adopted.


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