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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 3630-3633

Sleep quality and restless leg syndrome among antenatal women attending government healthcare facilities in urban bangalore


1 Principle Investigator, St John's Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Guides, St John's Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
3 Interns; Co-Investigators, St John's Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Naveen Ramesh
Associate Professor, Department of Community Health, St John's Medical College, Bangalore - 560 034, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_81_20

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Introduction: Sleep changes are more common in pregnancy and lack of sleep in antenatal women can lead to hypertension, postpartum depression, abortions, and preterm babies. Objectives: 1. To assess sleep quality and daytime sleepiness among pregnant women attending government health care facilities in Urban Bangalore. 2 To measure the association between sleep quality, daytime sleepiness with restless leg syndrome (RLS) in the same study population. Methodology: Across-sectional study was conducted in March and April 2018 among all antenatal women attending the Government District Hospital, Anekal Taluk and Primary Health Centre, Sarjapur, in Urban Bangalore. The calculated sample size was 255 and we interviewed 260 women using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale and RLS rating scale along with details on socio-demography. Results: According to PSQI, 83.1% had good sleep quality, 14.2% had daytime sleepiness and 21.9% had RLS. The RLS was significantly associated (P < 0.05) with trimester, sleep onset position, sleep quality, and daytime sleepiness. On logistic regression, there are 3.6 times the chances of having RLS when the sleep quality is bad and 5.3 times more chances of having RLS when there is daytime sleepiness. Conclusion: RLS is significantly associated with daytime sleepiness and sleep quality in antenatal women. Health education on the importance of sleep and about RLS should be included during antenatal visits.


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