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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 3810-3814

Chronic kidney diseases: A realm for preventive nephrology


1 Senior Resident Department of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, India
2 Assistant Professor Department of Nephrology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, India
3 Additional Professor, Department of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abhiruchi Galhotra
Additional Professor Department of Community and Family Medicine, AIIMS, Raipur
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1264_19

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Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is emerging as a major public health priority worldwide. It is a chronic condition influenced by lifestyle and behavior. The risk factors for CKD are highly prevalent among the Indian population, and the number of Indians at risk is increasing. Preventive measures focusing on reducing the prevalence of CKD by limiting exposure to risk factors could be cost effective in a country like India. Kidney diseases disproportionally affect disadvantaged populations and reduce the number of productive years of life. Furthermore, the prospect of financial burden discourages many patients from undergoing treatment, thereby leading to preventable morbidity and death. The management of patients with CKD is focused on early detection or prevention, treatment of the underlying cause (if possible) to curb progression and attention to secondary processes that contribute to ongoing nephron loss. Blood pressure control, inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system and disease-specific interventions are the cornerstones of therapy. Health literacy and self-management are critical to improving the outcomes of chronic conditions such as chronic kidney disease. Primary Care and Family physicians act as a bridge between the nephrologist specialist and the CKD patients; which will help in improving the quality of life, reduce physical and psychologic limitations and complications associated with CRF, and help patients return to their families, jobs, and social lives


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