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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 4062-4066

Social stigma associated with TB and HIV/AIDS among Kudumbashree members: A crosssectional study


1 Department of Community Medicine, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, Kerala, India
2 Department of Pulmonary, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, Kerala, India
3 Department of Microbiology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Leyanna Susan George
Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Ponekkara, Kochi - 682 041, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_437_20

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Introduction: TB and HIV/AIDS are the two major public health problems. Stigma and discrimination has an enormous impact on the sufferers. The impact is felt at home, in workplace, and at the institutions. The objective of the current study was to measure the stigma and discrimination associated with TB and HIV/AIDS and to determine the underlying factors related to it among women self-help group members in Kochi city Kerala. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among the women self-help group members in Kochi city. A total of 135 participants were included in the study. The study tool was a pretested self-administered questionnaire which captured information regarding the sociodemographic profile and stigma towards TB and HIV/AIDS. Result: All the respondents were women with mean age group 47.1(SD- 10.7). Majority (60%) belonged to APL category and were Hindus (52.1%). All the members have heard about HIV/AIDS and TB. The respondents reported that they would not send their children for playing with infected people (TB-49.3%; HIV-37.1%), would stay away from infected people (TB-84.3%; HIV-67.1%), and had discomfort while approaching those are infected (TB-62.1%; HIV-59.3%). Stigma toward TB and HIV was found not to have any association with any of the socio demographic factors. Correlation was observed between stigma scores of TB and HIV/AIDS (r = 0.853; P = <0.001). Conclusion: Stigma toward TB and HIV still exists as a major issue even among women self-help group members in Kochi. It was observed that those who had stigma toward TB also had stigma toward HIV/AIDS. Therefore is need to create holistic awareness about these diseases among women self-help groups.


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