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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 4107-4111

Screening for cervical dysplasia and reproductive tract infections in Kerala, India: A multicentric study


1 Department of Community Medicine, Amala Institute of Medical Sciences, Thrissur, Kerala, India
2 Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Amala Institute of Medical Sciences; Current status: Chief Medical Officer, St. Joseph's Hospital, Thrissur, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Catherin Nisha
Department of Community Medicine, Amala Institute of Medical Sciences, Amala Nagar, Thrissur, Kerala - 680555
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_514_20

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Background: Cancer of the uterine cervix is estimated to the second most frequently occurring malignancy among females in India. Cancer mortality profile in India estimates that 20.7% of cancer deaths in females are cervical cancer. This well elucidates the fatal aspect of the disease and the need for early detection. Aims: To screen for cervical dysplasias and reproductive tract infections in various parts of Kerala, India, and determine its associated factors. Methods and Methodology: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in various parts of Kerala, India. This study included an interview schedule to collect data and the procedures included per speculum examination along with a Pap smear test. Results: A total of 199 women were screened with mean age of 45.87 ± 9.84 years. Of these, 13.5% showed inflammatory smears, 1% showed infective pathology and 1.5% showed pre-malignant lesions. Conclusion: The increased rates of inflammation and infection show its importance in public health. Similar community-based screening as well as routine screening by physicians/gynaecologists is recommended for early detection of cervical cancer and reproductive tract infections. Community education among the population proves to be an important factor; especially regarding HPV vaccination.


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