Home Print this page Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size
Users Online: 633
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 4127-4133

Prevalence, types, risk factors, and outcomes of cardiorenal syndrome in a rural population of central India: A cross-sectional study


1 Department of Medicine, School of Epidemiology and Public Health, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Physiology; Faculty in Evidence Synthesis, School of Epidemiology and Public Health, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Community Medicine; Global Health, School of Epidemiology and Public Health, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of Community Medicine; Director, School of Epidemiology and Public Health, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Shilpa Gaidhane
Professor (Medicine), Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Faculty of Clinical Epidemiology, School of Epidemiology and Public Health, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha - 442 004, Maharashtra
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_533_20

Rights and Permissions

Background and Objectives: Heart failure leading to renal dysfunction and vice-versa termed as Cardio-Renal Syndrome(CRS) has now been increasingly identified as a marker of higher morbidity and mortality. Till date, there is limited data available regarding clinical profile, associated risk factors and outcome of CRS in rural population of central India. This study was conducted to elucidate the prevalence, risk factors, and outcome of CRS and its types. Methods: This was a single-centric, cross-sectional study conducted amongst the patients admitted to medicine wards and ICCU from October 2017 to September 2019. Classification given by RONCO et al. in 2008 was used for classifying CRS patients into various types. Cross-sectional data was used to find the prevalence, risk factors and their inter-relationship with outcome and mortality. STATA software was used for statistical analysis. Results: Out of 96 CRS patients, 47(48.96%) were Type 1, 22 (22.92%) were type 2, 19(19.79%) were type 4 and 3 (3.13% ) were type 3, and 5 (5.21%) were of type 5. Most common risk factor was Hypertension (HTN) found in 46 (47.92%), followed closely by Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) and anaemia. Mortality was seen in 44(45.83%) of CRS patients and it was significantly high. High mortality was common in patients of types 3 and type 5 CRS. Risk factors like HTN, CAD, smoking, reduced glomerular filtration rate, low ejection fraction and sepsis were significantly associated with worse outcomes across all CRS sub-types. Interpretation and Conclusions: There is high mortality among CRS. Prevention or optimal management of HTN, CAD and sepsis is required to decrease mortality. There is need for more population based studies for confirming our study findings.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed73    
    Printed2    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded20    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal