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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 4311-4316

Assessment of understanding about human papilloma virus vaccination among undergraduate medical students in a developing country: Perspective from India


1 Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, AIIMS, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, AIIMS, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Dermatology, Venereology & Leprology, AIIMS, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Charu Sharma
Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, AIIMS, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_893_20

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Background and Aims: Human papilloma virus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection responsible for cervical cancer in women. There is no cure for HPV but safe and effective vaccinations before sexual debut can definitely decrease the incidence of cervical cancer. This research aims to explore the basic understanding of medical students about cervical cancer, HPV and HPV vaccination. Methods and Material: This was a descriptive, questionnaire based cross-sectional study conducted among the undergraduate medical students of All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur from April 2018 to May 2018. A total of 238 respondents participated in the study. For statistical analysis, 'Z' score was used for categorical data and student t test was used for normally distributed continuous data. Results: Overall, 41% students had good knowledge about HPV infection and HPV vaccination while 44% students had average knowledge and 15% had poor knowledge. The majority of them (>80%) knew that HPV is responsible for cervical cancer and ano-genital warts but their awareness was not of the same order when it came to associating HPV with penile and oropharyngeal cancer (60%). Females had better knowledge as compared to males and this difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). 88% of the students were willing to accept the vaccination while only 10% of females were previously vaccinated. Conclusion: Medical students, who are potential recipients of the HPV vaccine themselves, can play a unique role in promoting awareness about HPV vaccination in the future.


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