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LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 4496  

Temperature and COVID- 19: Delhi


Public Health Specialist, NCD Division, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi, India

Date of Submission16-May-2020
Date of Decision14-Jun-2020
Date of Acceptance18-Jun-2020
Date of Web Publication25-Aug-2020

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manas Pratim Roy
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_880_20

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How to cite this article:
Roy MP. Temperature and COVID- 19: Delhi. J Family Med Prim Care 2020;9:4496

How to cite this URL:
Roy MP. Temperature and COVID- 19: Delhi. J Family Med Prim Care [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Sep 28];9:4496. Available from: http://www.jfmpc.com/text.asp?2020/9/8/4496/293110



The article by Raina et al. examined the much-speculated role of temperature on the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID- 19).[1] Such an effort is timely, so as to make family physicians aware of the role of seasonality on this pandemic. As it is a country-wise analysis, and the temperature is known to vary from one place to another, the trend discussed here may not be accurate. A recent analysis from 166 countries demonstrated a reduction in new daily COVID- 19 cases with an increase in temperature and/or humidity.[2] Another city-wise analysis from the US failed to establish any impact of temperature on the spread of COVID- 19.[3] In addition, there are several other factors like social distancing and lockdown, which could potentially impact the direction and magnitude of the pandemic.

For assessing the role of weather parameters in India more specifically, Delhi was selected. Till 12th May, Delhi has contributed more than 7500 cases. The daily new addition in the caseload was examined with daily temperature and relative humidity (RH), using the correlation coefficient, from 11th April to 12th May, 2020. RH recorded at 7:21 AM and 2:21 PM everyday was considered.[4],[5] Since the paper deals with anonymous aggregate data set and no patient details have been handled, ethical clearance was not sought.

It was seen that maximum temperature has a weak negative effect (r = - 0.071) on the number of new cases while the minimum temperature has a weak positive impact (r = 0.153). RH recorded in the afternoon seems to influence the daily new caseload (r = 0.515) moderately while RH recorded in the morning could not disturb the epidemic trend much (r = - 0.032). Even the average temperature could not modify the pattern (r = 0.117).

To sum up, only RH impacts the daily case load of COVID-19. While literature is claiming the role of temperature and humidity on this epidemic,[2],[6],[7] the present analysis could found only RH that might have some effect in determining the spread of the pandemic, subjected to similar results from other parts of the country. Considering the fact that only one geographical area was accounted for here, there is still scope for examining the pattern closely from multiple sites. For embracing a long term war against COVID-19, weather modeling could prove helpful in the future.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Raina SK, Kumar R, Bhota S, Gupta G, Kumar D, Chauhan R, et al. Does temperature and humidity influence the spread of COVID-19?: A preliminary report. J Family Med Prim Care 2020;9:1811-4.  Back to cited text no. 1
  [Full text]  
2.
Wu Y, Jing W, Liu J, Ma Q, Yuan J, Wang Y, et al. Effects of temperature and humidity on the daily new cases and new deaths of COVID-19 in 166 countries. Sci Total Environ 2020;729:139051.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Runkle JD, Sugg MM, Leeper RD, Rao Y, Matthews JL, Rennie JJ. Short-term effects of specific humidity and temperature on COVID-19 morbidity in select US cities. Sci Total Environ 2020;740:140093.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Covid 19 India. https://mohfw.gov.in/. [Last accessed on 2020 May 13].  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Indian Agricultural Research Institute. Daily weather data. Available from: https://www.iari.res.in/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=402&Itemid=322. [Last accessed on 2020 May 13].  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Şahin M. Impact of weather on COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey. Sci Total Environ 2020;728:138810.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Xie J, Zhu Y. Association between ambient temperature and COVID-19 infection in 122 cities from China. Sci Total Environ 2020;724:138201.  Back to cited text no. 7
    




 

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