Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 64--68

Socio-demographic and racial differences in acute coronary syndrome: Comparison between Saudi and South Asian patients


Mazen Ferwana 
 Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Mazen Ferwana
King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, P.O. Box 22490, Mail code 3120, Riyadh-11426
Saudi Arabia

Introduction: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is the leading cause of death in Saudi Arabia as elsewhere. Although, many studies found that South Asians had increased rates of ACS, others did not. The aim of the study is to explore the extent of difference between South Asians and Saudi presentation and risk factors of ACS patients. Materials and Methods: All patients who were diagnosed as having acute myocardial infarction (AMI) based on World Health Organization (WHO) criteria in 6 month period were included in the study. Results: A total of 190 patients confirmed ACS were included; 121 (63.70%) were Saudi, 50 (26.3%) were South Asians, and 19 (10.0%) were other Arab nationalities. The mean age was 53.9 (SD 14.6). Out of the total South Asians 82% had normal body mass index (BMI) ( P = 0.000). Saudi patients were the lowest of the three groups who smoked cigarette and/or shisha (26.6%; P = 0.000). 52.9% of Saudi patients were diabetics and 41.3% were hypertensive ( P = 0.004). More South Asians were presented with chest pain (94% vs 76%). Discussion: South Asians had a double rate of ACS incidence; they were younger, lower socio-economic status, more cigarette smokers, and less diabetics and hypertensive than other patients. An association between the apolipoprotein E (apoE) genotype with the incidence of ACS in young South Asian is proposed. Conclusion: South Asians had double rate of ACS incidence; they were younger, lower socio-economic status, more cigarette smokers, and less diabetics and hypertensive than other patients.


How to cite this article:
Ferwana M. Socio-demographic and racial differences in acute coronary syndrome: Comparison between Saudi and South Asian patients.J Family Med Prim Care 2013;2:64-68


How to cite this URL:
Ferwana M. Socio-demographic and racial differences in acute coronary syndrome: Comparison between Saudi and South Asian patients. J Family Med Prim Care [serial online] 2013 [cited 2019 Sep 21 ];2:64-68
Available from: http://www.jfmpc.com/article.asp?issn=2249-4863;year=2013;volume=2;issue=1;spage=64;epage=68;aulast=Ferwana;type=0