Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 625--630

Impact of pre-hospital care on the outcome of children arriving with agonal breathing to a pediatric emergency service in South India


Debasis Das Adhikari1, Krishna Mahathi1, Urmi Ghosh2, Indira Agarwal2, Anila Chacko2, Ebor Jacob2, Kala Ebenezer2 
1 Pediatric Emergency Services, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Pediatrics, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Debasis Das Adhikari
Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Emergency Services, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu
India

Background: Data on the prehospital interventions received by critically ill children at arrival to Paediatric Emergency Services (PES) is limited in developing countries. This study aims to describe the pre-hospital care scenario, transport and their impact on outcome in non-traumatic, acutely ill children presenting in PES with agonal breathing. Methods: Prospective observational study done on children aged below 15 years arriving in PES with agonal breathing due to non-trauma related causes. Results: Out of 75 children studied, 69% were infants. The duration of illness among 65% of them (75) was less than 3 days. Majority of them (81%) had received treatment prior to arrival. Government sector physicians (72%), half of them (51%) being pediatricians were the major treating doctors. 37% of the children had arrived to the Emergency in an ambulance. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) was given to 27% on arrival in PES. Other interventions included fluid boluses to correct shock (92%) and inotrope infusion (56%). Sepsis (24%) and pneumonia (24%) were the most common diagnoses. Out of 75, 57 (76%) children who were stabilized and shifted to PICU and among them 27 (47%) survived to discharge. Normal blood pressure (p=0.0410) and non-requirement of CPR (0.0047) and inotropic infusion (0.0459) in PES were associated with a higher chance of survival. Conclusion: 36% (27/75) of children who arrived to our PES with agonal breathing survived to hospital discharge. Survival was significantly better among those who did not need CPR.


How to cite this article:
Adhikari DD, Mahathi K, Ghosh U, Agarwal I, Chacko A, Jacob E, Ebenezer K. Impact of pre-hospital care on the outcome of children arriving with agonal breathing to a pediatric emergency service in South India.J Family Med Prim Care 2016;5:625-630


How to cite this URL:
Adhikari DD, Mahathi K, Ghosh U, Agarwal I, Chacko A, Jacob E, Ebenezer K. Impact of pre-hospital care on the outcome of children arriving with agonal breathing to a pediatric emergency service in South India. J Family Med Prim Care [serial online] 2016 [cited 2019 Sep 19 ];5:625-630
Available from: http://www.jfmpc.com/article.asp?issn=2249-4863;year=2016;volume=5;issue=3;spage=625;epage=630;aulast=Adhikari;type=0