Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 2322--2327

Knowledge, attitude and practice of blood donation among health professions students in Saudi Arabia; A cross-sectional study


Mohammed A Alsalmi1, Hani M Almalki1, Abdulrahman A Alghamdi1, Badr A Aljasir2 
1 College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences; King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences; King Abdullah International Medical Research Center; Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Ministry of the National Guard – Health Affairs, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammed A Alsalmi
King Abdulaziz Medical City, Makkah - Jeddah Hwy, Jeddah 22384
Saudi Arabia

Introduction: World Health Organization advocates that 3-5% of the population should donate blood yearly. However, the donors in Saudi Arabia (SA) in 2011 represented 1.46% of the population. This study aimed to assess knowledge, attitude and practice concerning voluntary blood donation among health professions students in Saudi Arabia and to determine the associated factors. Methods: This is a cross sectional study on 598 students. Chi-square and Fisher tests were used to analyze the significant association of blood donation and influencing factors. Results: Majority of respondents (360; 60.2%) showed sufficient knowledge regrading blood donation. A total of 593 participants (99.2%) believed that blood donation is important for the community. Around 180 (30.1%) of the respondents have donated blood before. Out of the participants, 422 students (70.6%) reported that they did not take any courses concerning blood donation in their colleges. However, 502 (83.9%) showed a high willingness to donate blood if their colleges organize a blood donation camp within campus. There was a significant association between knowledge level, current academic level and gender with practice of blood donation. Conclusion: Saudi health professions colleges' role in promoting blood donation was notably missed. Students showed high willingness to donate blood if a blood camp was organized within the campus. The implementation of encouragement campaigns and educational sessions within the campus will have a great effect on blood donation.


How to cite this article:
Alsalmi MA, Almalki HM, Alghamdi AA, Aljasir BA. Knowledge, attitude and practice of blood donation among health professions students in Saudi Arabia; A cross-sectional study.J Family Med Prim Care 2019;8:2322-2327


How to cite this URL:
Alsalmi MA, Almalki HM, Alghamdi AA, Aljasir BA. Knowledge, attitude and practice of blood donation among health professions students in Saudi Arabia; A cross-sectional study. J Family Med Prim Care [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Sep 29 ];8:2322-2327
Available from: http://www.jfmpc.com/article.asp?issn=2249-4863;year=2019;volume=8;issue=7;spage=2322;epage=2327;aulast=Alsalmi;type=0